(The Constitution of Vermont, adopted in 1777, represented the first partial ban on slavery.Vermont became a state in 1791 but did not fully ban slavery until 1858 with the Vermont Personal Liberty Law.Over 80% of Massachusetts's population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry.Plymouth was the site of the first colony in New England, founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims, passengers of the Mayflower.Adams was highly involved in the push for separation from Britain and the writing of the Constitution of Massachusetts in 1780 which, in the Elizabeth Freeman and Quock Walker cases, effectively made Massachusetts the first state to have a constitution that declared universal rights and, as interpreted by Supreme Judicial Court Chief Justice William Cushing, abolished slavery.David Mc Cullough points out that an equally important feature was its placing for the first time the courts as a co-equal branch separate from the executive.Department of Public Health by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the state, including the Adams and Kennedy families.
Both religious dissent and expansionism resulted in several new colonies being founded shortly after Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay elsewhere in New England.
Future President George Washington took over what would become the Continental Army after the battle.
His first victory was the Siege of Boston in the winter of 1775–76, after which the British were forced to evacuate the city.
The state is named for the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the area.
The capital of Massachusetts and the most populous city in New England is Boston.